International visitor arrival and expenditure data presented on PATAmPOWER are submitted by individual national tourist organisations and national statistics offices in the Asia Pacific region.
The primary source for the visitor arrival data is the embarkation/debarkation card. These cards are completed by most visitors to Asia Pacific destinations.
Arrival statistics are reported to PATA either by country of residence or nationality of visitors and the current position is as follows:
Country of residence:
Australia; Cambodia; Canada; Chinese Taipei; Cook Islands; Cyprus; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Hawaii; Hong Kong SAR; Macao, China; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Northern Marianas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Tonga; USA; and Vanuatu.
Bhutan; Brunei, Chile; China; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati; Korea (ROK); Lao PDR; Malaysia; Maldives; Mexico; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; Nicaragua; Palau; Thailand; Turkey; Tuvalu; and Vietnam.
The result of reporting by nationality is that the number of (for example) European arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations, by citizens who reside in Asia Pacific countries, becomes inflated. When a member changes from nationality to country of residence reporting, apparent declines in the number of European arrivals take place and increases occur in the number of arrivals from other Asia Pacific nations.
Definitions used on PATAmPOWER are slightly different from those used by other tourist organisations in some instances. The following are the PATA definitions:
Short for International Visitor Arrival.
Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited and remaining at least 24 hours. (This definition is that of a “tourist” according to UNWTO usage.) The terms ‘Visitor’ and ‘Arrivals’, as they are used throughout this report refer to International Visitor Arrivals (IVAs).
The PATA Regions:
PATA has grouped the destination members of the Association (and some non-members) into twelve sub-regions. The term “Asia Pacific” as used on PATAmPOWER consists of the total area embraced by these sub-regions, which is as follows:
Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; and Panama.
Bermuda; Canada; Greenland; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; and the USA.
Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Falkland Islands; French Guiana; Guyana; Paraguay; Peru; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Suriname; Uruguay; and Venezuela.
Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; and Uzbekistan.
China; Chinese Taipei; DPR Korea; Hong Kong SAR; Japan; Korea (ROK); Macao, China; and Mongolia.
Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Iran; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; and Sri Lanka.
Brunei; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia; Myanmar; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor-Leste; and Vietnam.
Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Cyprus; Georgia; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Occupied Palestinian Territory; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkiye; UAE; and Yemen.
Fiji; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; and Vanuatu.
Federated States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Nauru; Northern Marianas; and Palau.
Australia; New Zealand; and Norfolk Island.
American Samoa; Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Hawaii; Niue; Pitcairn Islands; Samoa; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; and the Wallis and Futuna Islands.
Origins of Visitor Arrivals
Most countries of origin listed at PATAmPOWER are self-evident, except for the following:
Angola; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo, Republic of; Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; and Sao Tome and Principe.
Burundi; Comoros; Djibouti; Eritrea; Eritrea; Kenya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mayotte: Mozambique; Reunion; Rwanda; Seychelles; Somalia; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; and Zimbabwe.
Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; South Sudan; Sudan; and Tunisia.
Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; Saint Helena; South Africa; and Swaziland.
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cape Verde; Ivory Coast; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; and Togo.
Countries in Africa not listed elsewhere.
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; Bonaire, Saint Eustatius & Saba; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Curacao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; Sint Maarten; St. Kitts-Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent & the Grenadines; Trinidad & Tobago; Turks & Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands, British; and Virgin Islands, United States.
Countries in the Americas not listed elsewhere.
Countries in Asia not listed elsewhere.
Belarus; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Hungary; Moldova; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; and Ukraine.
Denmark; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Norway; Sweden; and UK.
Albania; Andorra; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Croatia; Gibraltar; Greece; Holy See; Italy; Macedonia; Malta; Montenegro; Portugal; San Marino; Serbia, Slovenia; and Spain.
Austria; Belgium; France; Germany; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Monaco; Netherlands; and Switzerland.
Countries in Europe not listed elsewhere.
Countries in the Pacific area not listed elsewhere.
Countries not listed elsewhere.
The following notes are provided to facilitate understanding of the data contained within PATAmPOWER. Where necessary, footnotes are included to help in the correct interpretation of the data.
The terms “Asia Pacific”, “PATA region” and “PATA countries” are used interchangeably within PATAmPOWER.
1. Regional and PATA-wide totals shown at PATAmPOWER reflect the number of visitor arrivals rather than the number of individuals travelling from their place of usual residence. For example, a person visiting Japan, Singapore and Thailand on a single trip would be counted three times in the regional totals.
2. Since the Guam and Hawaii arrival figures are already included in the total USA count. However, the two sets of figures of Guam and Hawaii are listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations.
3. With the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Hawaii Tourism Authority both reporting their arrivals, double counting is inevitable. Because of different methods of data collection used, it is not possible for the two organisations to quantify the extent of overlap in their arrival figures.
4. The explanatory footnotes illustrate the correct use of the data. It is recommended that consideration be given to these before attempting any comparisons of the data.
5. Arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations from each of the countries of origin are as reported by destinations. The source for the arrivals data is the embarkation/debarkation card completed by visitors on arrival in each country.
6. Departures from each of the Asia Pacific countries are recorded as arrivals to destinations world-wide, not just Asia Pacific. No attempt should be made to match these figures with departure numbers from any source market as one departure from the country of origin may appear as multiple arrivals to destinations within Asia Pacific. Not all Asia Pacific countries collect outbound travel data.
7. Where data are not available and/or percentage change differences are unable to be computed, the symbol “….” will appear.
Bhutan: excludes traffic from India and Bangladesh.
Cambodia: includes same-day visitors through Preah Vihear.
Canada: excludes entries by land same-day via the USA. ‘Other North America’ includes arrivals from the Caribbean.
Chile: excludes returning residents.
China: includes overnight and same-day travellers. The notation of ‘China’ refers to the People’s Republic of China. Arrivals from border areas have been included in international arrivals since September 2016. As a result, the data cannot be compared with those of previous years after this statistical change.
Guam: arrivals by air only.
Hawaii: arrivals by air only.
Hong Kong SAR: includes overnight and same-day travellers.
Kiribati: includes arrivals to Tarawa and Kiritimati.
Korea (ROK): excludes overseas Koreans.
Macao, China: includes overnight and same-day travellers. Data exclude non-residents namely workers, students, etc.
Marshall Islands: arrivals by air only.
Malaysia: China includes Hong Kong SAR and Macao, China.
Mexico: air arrivals except for ‘Other Countries’ which includes land arrivals for more than one night.
Myanmar: air/land/sea arrivals at Yangon entry points and air arrivals at Mandalay, Bagan and Naypyitaw International Airports; excludes day-trippers at borders; only annual data are available for 2016.
New Caledonia: arrivals by air only.
Nicaragua: excludes returning residents.
Northern Marianas: includes air and sea arrivals.
Palau: arrivals by air; excludes returning residents, employment and other (student).
Philippines: excludes overseas Filipinos.
Samoa: includes air and sea arrivals.
Singapore: excludes Malaysian citizens arriving by land (road/rail); includes excursionists.
Thailand: excludes overseas Thais.
USA: beginning in 2014, arrival counts include 1-night stay travellers from all source markets; prior to 2014 data exclude 1-night stay travellers from all sources other than Canada and Mexico.
Vanuatu: arrivals by air only.
China: Monthly IVAs data are no longer available from 2018 onward. The data will be available in the following year.
Hawaii and Mongolia: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a quarterly basis, thus total quarterly numbers will appear in the months of March, June, September and December respectively when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Markets.
Cyprus, India, Papua New Guinea and Turkey: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a yearly basis, thus total yearly numbers will appear in the month of December when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Market.
Expenditure data notes:
Canada: overnight visitors only
Hong Kong SAR: overnight visitors; exchange rate is pegged at 8 HK$ for 1 US$
Macao, China: excludes gaming expenses.
Malaysia: exchange rate is pegged at 3.3 RM for 1 US$
New Zealand: exchange rate is pegged at NZ$ 1.3 for 1 US$
Singapore: exchange rate is pegged at 1.3 S$ for 1 US$. Tourism receipt data include all prepayments for goods and services made by visitor, transit passengers and foreign air/sea crew; gaming expenditure is included from 2010 onwards.
USA: excludes air fares.
Vietnam: exchange rate is pegged at 21000 Dong for 1 US$
STR Data Notes
ADR (Average Daily Rate): Room revenue divided by rooms sold, displayed as the average rental rate for a single room.
RevPAR (Revenue Per Available Room): Room revenue divided by rooms available.
Occupancy: Rooms sold divided by rooms available. Occupancy is always displayed as a percentage of rooms occupied.
Hawaii: Hawaii figures are already included in the total USA count and North America count. However, Hawaii is also listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations.
City Visitors data notes
Canada: Non-resident travelers.
China: Foreign visitor arrivals including Hong SAR, Macao, China and Chinese Taipei.
Cambodia: Foreign visitor arrivals.
Chinese Taipei: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry.
Lao PDR: Visitors by province.
Japan: Number of foreign arrivals through main port entry in each region.
Korea ROK: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry.
Malaysia: Hotel guest arrivals.
Philippines: Numbers of foreign travelers.
Thailand: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Department of Tourism, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Bhutan
Tourism Development Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources, Brunei
Ministry of Tourism, Cambodia
Destination Canada; Statistics Canada
Servicio Nacional de Turismo, Chile
China National Tourism Administration, World Tourism Alliance
Tourism Bureau, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Chinese Taipei
Cook Islands Tourism Corporation
Cook Islands Statistics Office
Republic of Cyprus, Ministry of Finance, Statistical Service
Bureau of Statistics, Tourism Fiji
Guam Visitors Bureau
Department of Business Economic Development & Tourism, Hawaii
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hong Kong Tourism Board
Department of Tourism, Government of India
Ministry of Tourism of the Republic of Indonesia
Japan National Tourist Organization
Ministry of Justice, Japan
Kiribati National Tourism Office
Korea Tourism Organization
Korea Culture and Tourism Institute
Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, Lao PDR
Macao Government Tourism Office
Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture, Maldives
Marshall Islands Visitors Authority
Secretaría de Turismo de México
Coordinación de Investigación de Mercados
National Tourism Center of Mongolia
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar
Nepal Tourism Board
Institut de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, New Caledonia
Tourism New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand
Instituto Nicaraguense de Turismo
Marianas Visitors Authority
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan
Palau Visitors Authority
Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority
Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo
Republic of the Philippines Department of Tourism
Samoa Tourism Authority
Samoa Bureau of Statistics
Singapore Tourism Board
Solomon Islands Visitors Bureau
Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority
Institut de la statistique de la Polynesie Francaise
Ministry of Tourism and Sports, Thailand
Tonga Visitors Bureau
Ministry of Commerce, Tourism and Labour, Tonga
Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Turkey
National Travel and Tourism Office, U.S. Department of Commerce, USA
Vanuatu Statistics Office
Vanuatu Tourism Office
Vietnam National Administration of Tourism
International Telecommunication Union