International visitor arrival and expenditure data presented on PATAmPOWER are submitted by individual national tourist organisations and national statistics offices in the Asia Pacific region.
The primary source for the visitor arrival data is the embarkation/debarkation card. These cards are completed by most visitors to Asia Pacific destinations.
Arrival statistics are reported to PATA either by country of residence or nationality of visitors and the current position is as follows:
Country of residence:
Australia; Cambodia; Canada; Chinese Taipei; Cook Islands; Cyprus; Fiji; Guam; Hawaii; Hong Kong SAR; Macao SAR; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Northern Marianas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Tahiti; Tonga; USA; and Vanuatu.
Bhutan; Brunei, Chile; China; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati; Korea (ROK); Lao PDR; Malaysia; Maldives; Mexico; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Palau; Thailand; Tuvalu; and Vietnam.
The result of reporting by nationality is that the number of (for example) European arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations, by citizens who reside in Asia Pacific countries, becomes inflated. When a member changes from nationality to country of residence reporting, apparent declines in the number of European arrivals take place and increases occur in the number of arrivals from other Asia Pacific nations.
Definitions used on PATAmPOWER are slightly different from those used by other tourist organisations in some instances. The following are the PATA definitions:
Short for International Visitor Arrival
Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited. The definition of a “tourist” according to UNWTO usage stipulate a stay of at least 24 hours but less than 1 year. The terms “Visitor” and “Arrivals”, as they are used on PATAmPOWER refer to International Visitor Arrivals
PATA has grouped the destination members of the Association (and some non-members) into twelve sub-regions, which are as follows:
Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; and the Panama Canal Zone.
Canada and the USA.
Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Falkland Islands; French Guiana; Guyana; Paraguay; Peru; South Georgia Island; South Sandwich Island; Suriname; Uruguay; and Venezuela.
Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; and Uzbekistan.
China; Chinese Taipei; DPR Korea; Hong Kong SAR; Japan; Korea (ROK); Macao SAR; and Mongolia.
Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Iran; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; and Sri Lanka.
Brunei; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia; Myanmar; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor Leste; and Vietnam.
Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Cyprus; Georgia; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Oman; Palestine; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Syria; Turkey; UAE and Yemen
Australia; New Zealand; and Norfolk Island.
Fiji; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; and Vanuatu.
Federated States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Nauru; Northern Marianas; and Palau
American Samoa; Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Hawaii; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna Islands; and Tokelau.
Most countries of origin listed at PATAmPOWER are self-evident, with the following sub-region groupings:
Angola; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo, Republic of; Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; and Sao Tome and Principe.
Burundi; Comoros; Djibouti; Eritrea; Eritrea; Kenya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mayotte: Mozambique; Reunion; Rwanda; Seychelles; Somalia; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; and Zimbabwe.
Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; South Sudan; Sudan; and Tunisia.
Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; Saint Helena; South Africa; and Swaziland.
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cape Verde; Ivory Coast; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; and Togo.
Countries in Africa not listed elsewhere.
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; Bonaire, Saint Eustatius & Saba; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Curacao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; Sint Maarten; St. Kitts-Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent & the Grenadines; Trinidad & Tobago; Turks & Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands, British; and Virgin Islands, United States.
Countries in the Americas not listed elsewhere.
Countries in Asia not listed separately.
Belarus; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Hungary; Moldova; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; and Ukraine.
Denmark; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Norway; Sweden; and UK.
Albania; Andorra; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Croatia; Gibraltar; Greece; Holy See; Italy; Macedonia; Malta; Montenegro; Portugal; San Marino; Serbia, Slovenia; and Spain.
Austria; Belgium; France; Germany; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Monaco; Netherlands; and Switzerland.
Countries in the Pacific area not listed elsewhere.
Countries not listed elsewhere.
The following notes are provided to facilitate understanding of the data contained within PATAmPOWER. Where necessary, footnotes are included to help in the correct interpretation of the data.
The terms Asia Pacific, PATA region and PATA countries are used interchangeably within PATAmPOWER.
Regional and PATA-wide totals shown at PATAmPOWER reflect the number of visitor arrivals rather than the number of individuals travelling from their place of usual residence. For example, a person visiting Japan, Singapore and Thailand on a single trip would be counted three times in the regional totals.
The Guam and Hawaii arrival figures are already included in the total USA count. However, the two sets of figures of Guam and Hawaii are listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations
With the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Hawaii Tourism Authority both reporting their arrivals, double counting is inevitable. Because of different methods of data collection used, it is not possible for the two organisations to quantify the extent of overlap in their arrival figures.
The explanatory footnotes illustrate the correct use of the data. It is recommended that consideration be given to these before attempting any comparisons of the data.
Arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations from each of the countries of origin are as reported by destinations. The source for the arrivals data is the embarkation/debarkation card completed by visitors on arrival in each country.
Departures from each of the Asia Pacific countries are recorded as arrivals to destinations world-wide, not just Asia Pacific. No attempt should be made to match these figures with departure numbers from any source market as one departure from the country of origin may appear as multiple arrivals to destinations within Asia Pacific. Not all Asia Pacific countries collect outbound travel data.
Where data are not available and/or percentage change differences are unable to be computed, the symbol “…” will appear.
Bhutan: excludes traffic from India.
Cambodia: includes same-day travelers through Preah Vihear.
China: includes same-day travellers. The notation of China refers to the People’s Republic of China.
Guam: arrivals by air only.
Hawaii: arrivals by air only.
Hong Kong SAR: includes same-day travellers.
India: arrivals by origin market are yearly numbers only. If user chooses to display data by month and quarter, data will only appear on December and 4Q respectively.
Kiribati: includes arrivals to Tarawa and Kiritimati.
Macao SAR: includes same-day travellers. 2008 data onward exclude non-residents namely workers, students, etc.
Marshall Islands: arrivals by air only.
Myanmar: air/land/sea arrivals at Yangon entry points and air arrivals at Mandalay, Bagan and Naypyitaw International Airports; excludes day-trippers at borders
New Caledonia: arrivals by air only.
Northern Marianas: includes air and sea arrivals.
Pakistan: October 2010 data onward are not available from the official NTO.
Philippines: excludes overseas Filipinos.
Palau: arrivals by air; excludes returning residents, employment and other (student).
Samoa: includes air and sea arrivals.
Singapore: exclude Malaysian citizens arriving by land; include excursionists.
Thailand: excludes overseas Thais.
USA: starting from 2014 arrival counts include 1-night stay travelers from all source markets; prior to 2014 data exclude 1-night stay from all sources other than Canada and Mexico.
Vanuatu: arrivals by air only.
China: Monthly IVAs data are no longer available from 2016 onward. Only annual data will be available in the following year.
Hawaii: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a quarterly basis, thus total quarterly numbers will appear in the months of March, June, September and December respectively when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Markets
Cyprus, India, Mongolia and Turkey: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a yearly basis, thus total yearly numbers will appear in the month of December when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Market
Expenditure data notes:
Canada: overnight visitors only
Hong Kong SAR: overnight visitors; exchange rate is pegged at 8HK$ for 1US$
Malaysia: exchange rate is pegged at 3.3RM for 1US$
Maldives: with the introduction of T-GST in 2011, tourism receipts are re-calculated and revised for 2007 onward
New Caledonia: exchange rate is pegged at 1.3NZ$ for 1US$
Niue: exchange rate is pegged at 1.5NZ$ for 1US$
Singapore: tourism receipt data for 2007-2009 have been revised based on the updated methodology survey; exchange rate is pegged at 1.3S$ for 1US$. Tourism receipt data include all prepayments for goods and services made by visitor, transit passengers and foreign air/sea crew; gaming expenditure is included from 2010 onwards
USA: excludes air fares. The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, finalized a major overhaul of the national accounts system methodology in June 2014 that adds traveler spending components making our traveler exports and imports
STR Global Data Notes
ADR (Average Daily Rate): Room revenue divided by rooms sold, displayed as the average rental rate for a single room.
RevPAR (Revenue Per Available Room): Room revenue divided by rooms available
Occupancy: Rooms sold divided by rooms available. Occupancy is always displayed as a percentage of rooms occupied.
Hawaii: Hawaii figures are already included in the total USA count and North America count. However, Hawaii is also listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations.
City Visitors data notes
Canada: Non-resident travelers
China: Foreign visitor arrivals including Hong SAR, Macao SAR and Chinese Taipei
Cambodia: Foreign visitor arrivals
Chinese Taipei: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry
Lao PDR: Visitors by province
Japan: Number of foreign arrivals through main port entry in each region
Korea ROK: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry
Malaysia: Hotel guest arrivals
Philippines: Numbers of foreign travelers
Thailand: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry
Tourism Council of Bhutan
Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources, Brunei
Ministry of Tourism, Cambodia
Canadian Tourism Commission
Servicio Nacional de Turismo, Chile
China National Tourism Administration
Tourism Bureau, Chinese Taipei
Cook Islands Tourism Corporation
Cook Islands Statistics Office
Guam Visitors Bureau
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hong Kong Tourism Board
Ministry of Tourism, India
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Indonesia
Japan National Tourist Organization
Ministry of Justice, Japan
Kiribati National Tourism Office
Korea Tourism Organization
Korea Culture and Tourism Institute
Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, Lao PDR
Macao Government Tourism Office
Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture, Maldives
Marshall Islands Visitors Authority
Mexico Tourism Board
Secretaría de Turismo de México
Mongolia National Tourism Center
Directorate of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar
Nepal Tourism Board
Institut de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, New Caledonia
Tourism New Zealand
Marianas Visitors Authority
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan
Palau Visitors Authority
Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority
Philippine Department of Tourism
Samoa Tourism Authority
Singapore Tourism Board
Solomon Islands Visitors Bureau
Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority
Institut de la statistique de la Polynesie Francaise
Ministry of Tourism and Sports, Thailand
Ministry of Tourism, Tonga
Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, USA
Vanuatu Statistics Office
Vanuatu Tourism Office
Vietnam National Administration of Tourism
International Telecommunication Union