Definitions

International visitor arrival and expenditure data presented on PATAmPOWER are submitted by individual national tourist organisations and national statistics offices in the Asia Pacific region.

The primary source for the visitor arrival data is the embarkation/debarkation card. These cards are completed by most visitors to Asia Pacific destinations.

Arrival statistics are reported to PATA either by country of residence or nationality of visitors and the current position is as follows:

Country of residence:

Australia; Cambodia; Canada; Chinese Taipei; Cook Islands; Cyprus; Fiji; Guam; Hawaii; Hong Kong SAR; Macao SAR; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Northern Marianas; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Tahiti; Tonga; USA; and Vanuatu.

Nationality:

Bhutan; Brunei, Chile; China; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati; Korea (ROK); Lao PDR; Malaysia; Maldives; Mexico; Mongolia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Palau; Thailand; Tuvalu; and Vietnam.

The result of reporting by nationality is that the number of (for example) European arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations, by citizens who reside in Asia Pacific countries, becomes inflated. When a member changes from nationality to country of residence reporting, apparent declines in the number of European arrivals take place and increases occur in the number of arrivals from other Asia Pacific nations.

Definitions:

Definitions used on PATAmPOWER are slightly different from those used by other tourist organisations in some instances. The following are the PATA definitions:

IVA:

Short for International Visitor Arrival

Visitor:

Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited. The definition of a “tourist” according to UNWTO usage stipulate a stay of at least 24 hours but less than 1 year. The terms “Visitor” and “Arrivals”, as they are used on PATAmPOWER refer to International Visitor Arrivals

PATA has grouped the destination members of the Association (and some non-members) into twelve sub-regions, which are as follows:

Central America:

Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; and the Panama Canal Zone.

North America:

Canada and the USA.

South America:

Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Falkland Islands; French Guiana; Guyana; Paraguay; Peru; South Georgia Island; South Sandwich Island; Suriname; Uruguay; and Venezuela.

Central Asia:

Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; and Uzbekistan.

Northeast Asia:

China; Chinese Taipei; DPR Korea; Hong Kong SAR; Japan; Korea (ROK); Macao SAR; and Mongolia.

South Asia:

Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Iran; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; and Sri Lanka.

Southeast Asia:

Brunei; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia; Myanmar; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor Leste; and Vietnam.

West Asia:

Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Cyprus; Georgia; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Oman; Palestine; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Syria; Turkey; UAE and Yemen

Oceania:

Australia; New Zealand; and Norfolk Island.

Melanesia:

Fiji; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands; and Vanuatu.

Micronesia:

Federated States of Micronesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Nauru; Northern Marianas; and Palau

Polynesia:

American Samoa; Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Hawaii; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna Islands; and Tokelau.

 

Most countries of origin listed at PATAmPOWER are self-evident, with the following sub-region groupings:

Central Africa:

Angola; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo, Republic of; Congo, the Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; and Sao Tome and Principe.

East Africa:

Burundi; Comoros; Djibouti; Eritrea; Eritrea; Kenya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Mayotte: Mozambique; Reunion; Rwanda; Seychelles; Somalia; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; and Zimbabwe.

North Africa:

Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; South Sudan; Sudan; and Tunisia.

South Africa:

Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; Saint Helena; South Africa; and Swaziland.

West Africa:

Benin; Burkina Faso; Cape Verde; Ivory Coast; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; and Togo.

Other Africa:

Countries in Africa not listed elsewhere.

Caribbean:

Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Bermuda; Bonaire, Saint Eustatius & Saba; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Curacao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; Sint Maarten; St. Kitts-Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent & the Grenadines; Trinidad & Tobago; Turks & Caicos Islands; Virgin Islands, British; and Virgin Islands, United States.

Other Americas:

Countries in the Americas not listed elsewhere.

Other Asia:

Countries in Asia not listed separately.

East Europe:

Belarus; Bulgaria; Czech Republic;  Hungary; Moldova; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; and Ukraine.

North Europe:

Denmark; Estonia; Faeroe Islands; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Latvia; Lithuania; Norway; Sweden; and UK.

South Europe:

Albania; Andorra; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Croatia; Gibraltar; Greece; Holy See; Italy; Macedonia; Malta; Montenegro; Portugal; San Marino; Serbia, Slovenia; and Spain.

West Europe:

Austria; Belgium; France; Germany; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Monaco; Netherlands; and Switzerland.

Other Pacific:

Countries in the Pacific area not listed elsewhere.

Other Countries:

Countries not listed elsewhere.

 

Notes

The following notes are provided to facilitate understanding of the data contained within PATAmPOWER. Where necessary, footnotes are included to help in the correct interpretation of the data.

The terms Asia Pacific, PATA region and PATA countries are used interchangeably within PATAmPOWER.

Regional and PATA-wide totals shown at PATAmPOWER reflect the number of visitor arrivals rather than the number of individuals travelling from their place of usual residence. For example, a person visiting Japan, Singapore and Thailand on a single trip would be counted three times in the regional totals.

The Guam and Hawaii arrival figures are already included in the total USA count. However, the two sets of figures of Guam and Hawaii are listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations

With the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Hawaii Tourism Authority both reporting their arrivals, double counting is inevitable. Because of different methods of data collection used, it is not possible for the two organisations to quantify the extent of overlap in their arrival figures.

The explanatory footnotes illustrate the correct use of the data. It is recommended that consideration be given to these before attempting any comparisons of the data.

Arrivals to Asia Pacific destinations from each of the countries of origin are as reported by destinations. The source for the arrivals data is the embarkation/debarkation card completed by visitors on arrival in each country.

Departures from each of the Asia Pacific countries are recorded as arrivals to destinations world-wide, not just Asia Pacific. No attempt should be made to match these figures with departure numbers from any source market as one departure from the country of origin may appear as multiple arrivals to destinations within Asia Pacific. Not all Asia Pacific countries collect outbound travel data.

Where data are not available and/or percentage change differences are unable to be computed, the symbol “…” will appear.

Bhutan: excludes traffic from India.

Cambodia: includes same-day travelers through Preah Vihear.

China: includes same-day travellers. The notation of China refers to the People’s Republic of China.

Guam: arrivals by air only.

Hawaii: arrivals by air only.

Hong Kong SAR: includes same-day travellers.

India: arrivals by origin market are yearly numbers only.  If user chooses to display data by month and quarter, data will only appear on December and 4Q respectively.

Kiribati: includes arrivals to Tarawa and Kiritimati.

Macao SAR: includes same-day travellers. 2008 data onward exclude non-residents namely workers, students, etc.

Marshall Islands: arrivals by air only.

Myanmar: air/land/sea arrivals at Yangon entry points and air arrivals at Mandalay, Bagan and Naypyitaw International Airports; excludes day-trippers at borders

New Caledonia: arrivals by air only.

Northern Marianas: includes air and sea arrivals.

Pakistan: October 2010 data onward are not available from the official NTO.

Philippines: excludes overseas Filipinos.

Palau: arrivals by air; excludes returning residents, employment and other (student).

Samoa: includes air and sea arrivals.

Singapore: exclude Malaysian citizens arriving by land; include excursionists.

Thailand: excludes overseas Thais.

USA: starting from 2014 arrival counts include 1-night stay travelers from all source markets; prior to 2014 data exclude 1-night stay from all sources other than Canada and Mexico.

Vanuatu: arrivals by air only.

China: Monthly IVAs data are no longer available from 2016 onward. Only annual data will be available in the following year.

Hawaii: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a quarterly basis, thus total quarterly numbers will appear in the months of March, June, September and December respectively when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Markets

Cyprus, India, Mongolia and Turkey: IVAs data by origin market are only available on a yearly basis, thus total yearly numbers will appear in the month of December when selecting the data by month and by quarter of the 2 indicators including IVAs by Origin Market and Source Market

 

Expenditure data notes:

Canada: overnight visitors only

Hong Kong SAR: overnight visitors; exchange rate is pegged at 8HK$ for 1US$

Malaysia: exchange rate is pegged at 3.3RM for 1US$

Maldives: with the introduction of T-GST in 2011, tourism receipts are re-calculated and revised for 2007 onward

New Caledonia: exchange rate is pegged at 1.3NZ$ for 1US$

Niue: exchange rate is pegged at 1.5NZ$ for 1US$

Singapore: tourism receipt data for 2007-2009 have been revised based on the updated methodology survey; exchange rate is pegged at 1.3S$ for 1US$. Tourism receipt data include all prepayments for goods and services made by visitor, transit passengers and foreign air/sea crew; gaming expenditure is included from 2010 onwards

USA: excludes air fares. The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, finalized a major overhaul of the national accounts system methodology in June 2014 that adds traveler spending components making our traveler exports and imports

 

STR Global Data Notes

ADR (Average Daily Rate): Room revenue divided by rooms sold, displayed as the average rental rate for a single room.

RevPAR (Revenue Per Available Room): Room revenue divided by rooms available

Occupancy: Rooms sold divided by rooms available. Occupancy is always displayed as a percentage of rooms occupied.

Hawaii: Hawaii figures are already included in the total USA count and North America count. However, Hawaii is also listed under the Pacific regional grouping because they are recognised as PATA member destinations.

 

City Visitors data notes

Canada: Non-resident travelers

China: Foreign visitor arrivals including Hong SAR, Macao SAR and Chinese Taipei

Cambodia: Foreign visitor arrivals

Chinese Taipei: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry

Lao PDR: Visitors by province

Japan:  Number of foreign arrivals through main port entry in each region

Korea ROK: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry

Malaysia: Hotel guest arrivals

Philippines: Numbers of foreign travelers

Thailand: Number of foreign arrivals at the port of entry

 

Data sources

Tourism Australia

Tourism Council of Bhutan

Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources, Brunei

Ministry of Tourism, Cambodia

Canadian Tourism Commission

Servicio Nacional de Turismo, Chile

China National Tourism Administration

Tourism Bureau, Chinese Taipei

Cook Islands Tourism Corporation

Cook Islands Statistics Office

Tourism Fiji

Guam Visitors Bureau

Hawaii Tourism Authority

Hong Kong Tourism Board

Ministry of Tourism, India

Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Indonesia

Japan National Tourist Organization

Ministry of Justice, Japan

Kiribati National Tourism Office

Korea Tourism Organization

Korea Culture and Tourism Institute

Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, Lao PDR

Macao Government Tourism Office

Tourism Malaysia

Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture, Maldives

Marshall Islands Visitors Authority

Mexico Tourism Board

Secretaría de Turismo de México

Mongolia National Tourism Center

Directorate of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar

Nepal Tourism Board

Institut de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, New Caledonia

Tourism New Zealand

Statistics Niue

Marianas Visitors Authority

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan

Palau Visitors Authority

Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority

Philippine Department of Tourism

Samoa Tourism Authority

Singapore Tourism Board

Solomon Islands Visitors Bureau

Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority

Tahiti Tourisme

Institut de la statistique de la Polynesie Francaise

Ministry of Tourism and Sports, Thailand

Ministry of Tourism, Tonga

Statistics Tuvalu

Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, USA

Vanuatu Statistics Office

Vanuatu Tourism Office

Vietnam National Administration of Tourism

comScore, Inc

Innovata

International Telecommunication Union

STR Global